Arjean Mae N. Agustin
The Linguistic Characterization of Aphasic Syndrome
A. Broca’s Aphasia
Patients are characterized by labored speech and certain kinds of word-finding difficulties.
Ø Broca’s Aphasics (often called Agrammatic Aphasics)
· They frequently lack articles, prepositions, pronouns, auxiliary verbs and other grammatical elements.
· They typically omit inflections such as the past tense suffix –ed of the third person singular verb ending
· They have difficulty in understanding complex sentences.
B. Wernicke’s Aphasia
Patients are characterized by fluent speech with good intonation.
Ø Wernicke’s Aphasics
· They may largely adhere to the rules of syntax.
· They are often semantically incoherent.
· They have difficulty naming objects presented to them.
· They make numerous lexical errors.
· They often produce jargon and nonsense words.
Jargon Aphasia – refers to severe Wernicke’s aphasia.
Dyslexia- refers to reading disorder.
Acquired Dyslexics- refer to people who became dyslexic after brain damage.